i. The heir, as long as he is a child: The word child has the idea of a minor. a. Galatians 2:20 “I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. c. To redeem those who were under the law: Because Jesus is God, He has the power and the resources to redeem us. b. Wisdom Literature [A previous revision of this page can be found here]. “To the degree that ministers and teachers of the Word of God do teach the Word, to that same degree should they be received as the Galatians received the apostle Paul. iii. They want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them: Paul’s legalistic opponents wanted to draw the Galatian Christians away into their own divisive group. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. In this thinking, he became “One who lives free from the restrictions imposed by the law. But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage? Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law," “The fullness of the time” In God’s timetable, when the exact religious, cultural and political conditions demanded by His perfect plan were in place, Jesus came into the world. Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. For I became like you: Paul could say to the Galatian Christians, “When it comes to legalism, I know where you are at. But we must not base our relationship to God on this principle. Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. That he has the virgin in mind is obvious.” (Luther). -------------------- Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. According to Acts 13, Paul came to the region of Galatia – specifically, the city of Pisidian Antioch – from the city of Perga in the region of Pamphylia. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, The Whole Bible 3 So with us; while we were minors, we were enslaved to the elemental spirits of the world. But it is important to make sure that our zeal is in a good thing because zeal in a bad thing is dangerous. The Bible questions are not trivia. So we are mistaken when we think of redemption as merely a restoration of what was lost with Adam. “When certain days are represented as holy in themselves, when one day is distinguished from another on religious grounds, when holy days are reckoned a part of divine worship, the days are improperly observed.” (Calvin). The real Christian life is connected to God’s promised miracle and not the flesh. This covenant is associated with Hagar, the “surrogate mother” who gave birth to Ishmael. Heb 5:5 ). Default. Under the law we find fig leaves to cover our nakedness. Many children vs. The Holy Ghost impregnates the Word so that it brings forth the fruit of faith. This is living like a descendant of Abraham – but it is living like Ishmael. The sixth contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between inheriting all and inheriting nothing. i. Bookmarks. ii. H���臘�k �����B�M���l#��3�z@�.FV�/�Y�8ʭO|�7�(�B�ȗ��!W�hk�BQP��ʨ��6\�p���z{��@��~�@V��Q������ph)f*gE-�r#a�M��Xp-�,�$"���s������㮬���r��Cx����^� ?�*ý踠厒L��x����*�2��}H�ם,��B�)�98�O����N��FI3�$I�"��2YDj!$�kdza�"CaE��$c�e =Lq�eH�>�t\� but when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, AMP. Previous | Index | Next >> "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate the significance and blessedness of receiving the Spirit in our hearts (cf. If the privileges of all believers were so great, according to the new covenant, how absurd for the Gentile converts to be under that law, which could not deliver the unbelieving Jews from bondage or condemnation! I acknowledge that Scripture is the most rich and inexhaustible fount of all wisdom. (Galatians 1:4) According to verse 4, for what purpose did Jesus give It denies God’s promise and tries to make your own way to God through the law. The point is that God told Abraham to send Hagar away. Welcome back to our Galatians #BibleStudyWithMe series! The most popular verses from the book of Galatians. Paul never thought the gospel of free grace meant laziness in serving God. Z��8��_��깣�XWW�0��]}A? 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar; for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children; but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all. Christians can use the same technique in some way or another. Yet, he is destined to inherit everything and the slave isn’t. g. Through Christ: Our release from slavery, our sonship, the Spirit of Jesus in our hearts, and our status as heirs of God are all birthrights given to us in Jesus. The Old Testament The Book of Galatians. i. Some men hold God’s law like a rod in terrorem, over Christians, and say, ‘If you sin you will be punished with it.’ It is not so. Galatians 4:4 - But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, Under the grace of God, the focus is on who Jesus is and what He has done. Study the bible online using commentary on Galatians 4 and more! While the “Isaacs” of this world may be persecuted, they also have a glorious inheritance that the “Ishmaels” of this world will never know. iii. i. Paul took it for granted that his readers knew the Bible. Before his conversion: ii. iii. This chapter contains one of Paul's richest statements in Christology. This covenant corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, that is, earthly Jerusalem which was the capital of religious Judaism. Significantly, Sarah could live with Hagar and Ishmael until the son of promise was born. Quiz in Galatians —Chapters 3 and 4 Here's a Bible study quiz from Galatians chapters 3 and 4. Galatians 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle for the churches in Galatia, written between 49–58 CE. Johannine Writings It is important that Paul refer back to the Scriptures again and again. Finally, you can take the credit for your own salvation, because you earned it by keeping the list of rules. How can you allow yourself to be enslaved by the very elemental spirits from whom Jesus Christ has rescued you?”. C. Using the Old Testament, Paul shows that the systems of grace and law can’t exist together as principles in our lives. d. But the Jerusalem above: The other covenant is associated with Jerusalem, with Mount Zion – but not the Mount Zion of this earth. GALATIANS 4: FREEDOM FROM THE LAW. [Gal 3:26] The position of sonship certainly has privileges, and with those privileges there are responsibilities. Galatians, A Video Study offers the chance to learn about one of the Bible's most important books from one of today's premier New Testament scholars. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. He explains his point from the story of Abraham, Hagar, and Sarah in Genesis 16 without a lot of detail from the story. b. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. Ministers should not be received and evaluated on the basis of their personal appearance, intellectual attainments, or winsome manner, but as to whether or not they are indeed God’s messengers bearing the word of Christ.” (Boice), 3. The law is under a Christian; it is for him to walk on, to be his guide, his rule, his pattern... Law is the road which guides us, not the rod which drives us, nor the spirit which actuates us.” (Spurgeon), b. 1. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. d. The Spirit of His Son: The Holy Spirit can be called the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Christ, or linked to God the Father. a. This is because the nature of God is consistent among the persons of the Trinity. If there is any “ABC of the universe” (elementary principle) that we must break free from, and that is stressed in pagan religion just as much as Jewish law, it is the principle of cause and effect. Having gotten them to adopt the festivals and perhaps the fast days, the Judaizers were now urging them to adopt circumcision.” (Wuest). Because this is such an elementary principle, it is so hard for us to shake this kind of thinking. Crying out, “Abba, Father!” We don’t whisper “Daddy” as if we were hesitant to speak so affectionately. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. It is not above a Christian – it is under a Christian. Paul is continuing his teaching from chapter 3. 4. (Gal 4:8-11) A decision to make: A choice between living under the elements of the world or as a son of God. “As physical infirmity and illness were regarded by Jews and Gentiles alike as a symbol of divine displeasure or punishment, there would have been a natural temptation for the Galatians to despise Paul and reject his message.” (Fung) This is exactly what the Galatians did not do. God’s blessing and favor is given on a principle completely apart from the “ABC of the universe.” His blessing and favor is given for reasons that are completely in Him, and have nothing to do with us. God sent forth His Son, born of a woman: Jesus came not only as God’s Son, but also as one born of a woman, born under law. This means he had thrown off his Jewish shackles and come to be like a Gentile; he beseeches his converts not to become like Jews.” (Morris). The weak and beggarly elements: Paul used the same word for elements used in Galatians 4:3. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point Major Prophets It is free because it recognizes that Jesus paid the price, and we don’t have to pay it ourselves. The same word is used (in 1:14), to describe Paul’s former zeal for Judaism. Major Prophets In Roman law, boys from birth to 14 years of age were in the charge of a legal guardian (cf. Real Christianity comes from heaven and not earth. iv. It often doesn’t look like it, but legalism is living according to the flesh. Paul does not say that Christ was born of man and woman, but only of woman. i. Poetical Books He had already spoken of their respect; he now speaks of their love.” (Calvin), ii. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22', There are options set in 'Advanced Options', The Whole Bible -------------------- 1. v. False teaching is according to these elemental principles, and not according to Jesus (Colossians 2:8). Wisdom Literature We receive the adoption of sons; we do not recover it. Under the law it is what you do for God that makes you right before Him. Johannine Writings Under the grace of God we receive the covering won through sacrifice that God provides. We have access to the same intimacy with God the Father that God the Son, Jesus Christ had. iii. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught [it], but by the revelation of Jesus Christ. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. We are heirs of God through the principle of grace, not works. Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year. The fifth contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between persecuted and persecuting. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point i. Inheriting nothing vs. Inheriting everything By reading, meditating on and studying it, we begin to see into God’s heart, to hear His voice, and to know Him deeply. Major Prophets i. One may call it karma or “you get what you deserve” or something else; yet it rules nature and the minds of men. The idea of Christ is formed in you is similar to the idea of Romans 8:29: For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son. Break forth and shout, You who are not in labor! . "Governors" here refers to "stewards" The law was a guardian for the children of Israel. -------------------- The legalists were so sincere, so passionate about their beliefs. (Gal 4:19-20) Paul appeals: “I love you like a father, please listen to me.”. General Epistles The persecution Christians face “will not always be by the world but also and indeed more often by their half-brothers – the unbelieving but religious people in the nominal church. Many cults use a technique informally known as “love bombing.” They overwhelm a prospective member with attention, support, and affection. i. But is under tutors and governors {a} until the time appointed of the father. We can picture someone helping or saving someone, but not going so far as to make them a part of the family – but this is what God did for us. Paul probably has in mind the Roman custom of adoption, where adopted sons were given absolutely equal privileges in the family and equal status as heirs. View Downloads. Here's a Bible study quiz from Galatians chapters 3 and 4. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point They zealously court you, but for no good; yes, they want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them. In the Roman custom, there was no specific age when the son became a man. Or, Paul may have in mind the idea that he became as a Gentile when he was among them, according to the philosophy expressed in 1 Corinthians 9:19-23. 4. 4 What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate. There is no specific mention of Ishmael persecuting Isaac, though Genesis 21:9 says that Ishmael did mock Isaac. b. These are things we should be living in and enjoying every day of our Christian life. For us, we must be careful about reading allegorical or symbolic things into the Scriptures. In that way, they should become like Paul. First, that he could be present with the Galatians. Galatians: A Video Study features top New Testament scholar Thomas R. Schreiner teaching through the book of Galatians in 26 engaging and challenging lessons. This covenant brings freedom – it is free. Every one is born because of a miracle by God. 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