might (not)= Maybe it is (not) true. 1. He might have forgotten that we were meeting today. We use might, might not when we think something is (not) or will (not) be true, but we aren’t sure. 4. He might have overslept. They ____ the project yet because they only started work on it this week. Level: intermediate. For example: She could not have been on that flight because I just saw her at work. Please help me analyse the tense used here. 2. Might have – should have – would have *For this lesson I will use both styles. I've been teased in the North for this expression and had just about been convinced it was superfluous like a double negative until I needed to use it for "might could have gotten it cheaper". 3. When do we use might and might not?. She usually takes her car so I deduce that she has definitely not left the house because her car is outside (the opposite of "must have"). I'm not sure what tense this is and whether I have used it correctly. Learn how to use may have and might have to talk about past possibility in this advanced grammar lesson. including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various terms, irregular verbs, phrasal verbs and idioms. ; They might win the competition. The past negative is might not / mightn’t / may not / can’t / couldn’t + have + been or the past participle of another verb. … The bus drivers might not have been able to see the smaller, lower car. She might not have taken the bus. Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) been to the rodeo: Exposed to conmen and hucksters; experienced. Either is correct although “might not have been” sounds less awkward. You did not show up in our last week's gathering. Show activity on this post. She might get a ride from Bill. I think that comment might have offended some people. The following dictation exercises include use of this grammar structure: Modals: can't have/ must have / might have, Modals: must, have to, should, should have, Modals: can’t have, must have, might have - passive, General vocabulary trainer – save your score, access audio files. It is possible that he has not finished his exams, but it is also possible that he has finished them. "can't have": we believe the action definitely did not happen (the opposite of "must have"). "But he might have not sent out the invitations yet." Translate Might-have-been. While Can’t Have (Been) is used to refer to an incident in the near past, Couldn’t Have (Been) is used for an event that happened way back in the past. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Now, let’s talk about grammar. It might not rain today. There is a chance that something is true or that there is a possibility … To nearly all Americans, these sentences carry … She might not take the bus. 1. May - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary So would of is would have, could of is could have, should of is should have, will of is will have, and might of is might have: Articles cover topics from English "might have": we believe it's possible that the action happened, but we don't know. If he had understood the consequences, he ____ the email. Simply paste or write your text below and click Check My Writing to get feedback on your writing. Click on the highlighted spelling error, grammar improvements or writing suggestion for more options. links to online dictionaries. I might have been taking a shower when you called. (=It is possible that you have already heard that....) A GUESS: The car driver might have tried to pass between two buses. To express (future) possibility. We use may have and might have to make guesses about the past: I haven't received your letter. The structure may / might + perfect infinitive is used to talk about the possibility that something happened in the past. English language reference including definitions of English grammar Resources and materials for ESL teachers including free ESL handouts As you note, 'could have' expresses that you had the possibility of borrowing it, but 'might have' would express the idea perhaps you would have borrowed it (if, for example, the circumstances had been … Sarah thinks she ____ her purse on the bus. English language resources for English learners and teachers to help and quizzes, PDF lesson plans, teacher articles and a directory of Any difference between 'It may not have been' and 'It may have not been'? teaching and reference resources. Might - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary What is the exact meaning of "would have not been" and "would not have been" in English grammar? Generally in American English, “may have been” and “might have been” are practically always interchangeable — mainly because the words “may” and “might” tends to be interchangeable too in American English. It may have got lost in the post. 3. Let’s use some examples for comparison: He’s been limping since this past week; he can’t have won the race yesterday at all. Both are most commonly used to say that something is possible or probable, as in these examples: You may/might be right. I understand that due to work commitment, you might not have been able to come, but please make yourself available in our coming meeting. The substitution of “could” for “might” directs a subtle sympathy toward the criminal: if the policeman had not been there, the perp would have been able to get away with the crime. UsingEnglish.com is partnering with Gymglish to give you a free one-month trial of this online English training course. If this is your first visit, be sure to 2. 2. [Grammar] Any difference between 'It may not have been' and 'It may have not been'? 2. We have placed cookies on your device to improve your experience on our website. He is late for this appointment. you study, learn and teach English including text analysis, language Could + have is often shortened into “coulda” when speaking but not in writing. Or the continuous been + verb-ing. Includes tests, a question bank, quizzes, language polls and more. day. The “might” sentence simply states a fact: if the policeman hadn’t been there, the criminal would not have been arrested. You can find out more in our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue. Activate your free month of lessons (special offer for new users, with no obligation to buy) - and receive a level assessment! (=It is possible that you are right.) check out the. If the event or situation referred to did not in fact occur, it's better to use might have: The draw against Italy might have been a turning point, but it didn't turn out like that. Even though "have" and "has" come from the same verb "to have," there are slight differences in the way they’re used. By continuing to use our website without changing your settings, we assume you are happy to receive these cookies. If I had entered the contest, I might actually have won. My telephone stopped working the battery might have died. She might not be on the bus. The road might have been blocked. ; I might (not)= It is possible that I will (not) See authoritative translations of Might-have-been in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. [Grammar] Any difference between 'It may not have been' and 'It may have not been'? If you want to learn English grammar or grow your vocabulary then these resources will help you with your studies. It might not rain this afternoon. 5. Might’ve – should’ve – would’ve In more formal written English, we will write both words. grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, "might have not" In addition to the most common form "might not have" (described above), it is also possible to use the form "might have not": "He might not have invited me to the party." (Present tense) If you can determine the tense of your sentence, you can easily choose between might or may. It's quite bright. It's ten o'clock. between those two patterns? For example, He might have called earlier, but I was not home. I actually substituted may have been able to, but either one conveys the same meaning. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Copyright 2013-2020 Copyright and trademark information. ‘Ann hasn’t arrived yet.’ ‘She may have missed the train.’ (= It is possible that she missed the train.) His train ____ delayed. When people write would of, should of, could of, will of or might of, they are usually confusing the verb have with the preposition of. They might have arrived by now. “Have + been” marks the past tense. There is also a difference in intention or meaning: “Sue and I might not have been married if I’d met you first” versus “Sue and I might have not been married when you met us.” 2.3K views learning English. It looks nice, but it might be very expensive. In the second sentence, "not" is used to emphasise the negative of the main verb; in this case, "might have" describes a positive possibility that he did not send the invitations. "might not have": we believe it's possible that the action did not happen, but we don't know. The clause with might have describes the possible result of the unreal situation described by the "if" clause. They didn't want to come to the museum with us - they might have been … If your stomach is hurting, it might have been because of the spicy food you had for lunch. ‘What was that noise?’ ‘It might have been an airplane.’ One of the bus drivers might have changed lanes without looking first. Is there any difference in usage, meaning, connotation, style, etc. Might is a modal and have is an auxiliary verb: it is grammatically correct to put the 'not' after either the modal or after the auxiliary. Articles about learning, using and teaching the English language, (Past tense) I may go to the movies tonight. authors and contributors. "must have": we believe the action definitely happened. from students and teaching forum topics. Test your knowledge of the English language. She might have walked home. Then it might not have been like thisI would say this looks very much like the 3rd conditional structure which means: If you had come at different time, things might/ may not have been like this. Putting it after the modal is the most widely used option: They received the letter, but they might not have understood it. We use contractions (short versions) of these expressions in spoken English. It is possible that she has gone to the shops, but it is also possible that she has gone somewhere else. Should have + past participle 1: Should have + past participle can mean something that would have been a good idea, but that you didn't do it. “Could” is conditional. ‘Suzan isn’t answering the phone.’ ‘She might be in the garden.’; The sky is clearing up. If I entered the contest, I might actually win. We use might when we are not sure about something in the present or future: I might see you tomorrow. In addition to the UsingEnglish.com team of staff Includes helpful articles, a glossary, quizzes, and a large language reference. Hello AsahiYo20, You could use 'might have', but it would express probability (a guess) instead of possibility. She might be walking home. Could not have means that something was impossible in the past. May / might / could have: expressing past probability: Structure: modal + have + past participle may have been, could have gone, might have lost, etc. the classroom. It could also be used to say that something was true in the past. If you are not sure about the 3rd conditional, please review the subjunctives. Many grammar books do suggest that you use MIGHT when something is less likely and MAY when something is more likely, but as different people can interpret this differently (depending on the scenario), it makes this rule quite flexible. Alternative form of been there, done that, bought the T-shirt. Also provides access to questions career development, specialisations, and ideas and suggestions for The one-word forms may and might are also nearly always interchangeable. If you have a question about the English language and would like to ask one of our many English teachers and language experts, please click the button below to let us know: Use the search box above to quickly search the forum, or use our Advanced Search. The real situation and result: I didn’t know about the traffic problem so I am imagining the possibility of taking a different route if I had known. could, may : might conditional of may: 1. teachers and language experts ready to answer your questions 24 hours a 3. Do they mean same thing? This answer is not useful. Also includes and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English : He may have missed the bus. Our online discussion forums are the perfect place to quickly get help As you may or may not/might or might not have heard, we won the race! "If I had known about the traffic problems, I. I wonder why your friend is not here - she might have had other things to do. We use may have, could have, might have to say that it was possible that something happened in the past (but we are not 100% sure). Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) been there, though not done that: Used for expressing that though one may have seen something (unpleasant), he may have not participated in the same. She usually leaves her house before 11 o’clock so I deduce that she has definitely left the house. “I coulda been a contender” is a famous line from On the Waterfront, a classic 1954 movie. By the time you read this, he may have made his decision. It is also believed by some people that MAY (present tense) should be used when you are talking about a current situation and MIGHT (past tense) when you’re … Might have expresses an opinion about an earlier (past) situation. Read about how to use them here. (Past tense) The criminal might not have been caught, had you not sounded the alarm. tips, exam tips and help with study skills. The rodeo: Exposed to conmen and hucksters ; experienced might are also nearly always interchangeable correct. Think that comment might have offended some people will write both words did not happen but! May not/might or might not have been able to see the smaller, lower car glossary, quizzes, a. Been caught, had you not sounded the alarm reference to written and spoken English might! About past possibility in this advanced grammar lesson possible or probable, as in these examples: you be. Online English training course problems, I invitations yet. placed cookies on your device to improve experience! On the Waterfront, a question bank, quizzes, language polls and.! Exams, but they might not have been caught, had you not sounded alarm. Deduce that she has gone somewhere else the movies tonight have changed without. N'T know not have means that something was impossible in the Present or future: I actually. She could not have been ' and 'It may not have been ' and 'It may have. Check out the FAQ by clicking the link above to proceed future I. Improvements or writing suggestion for more options on the highlighted spelling error, grammar improvements or writing suggestion more! Written and spoken English I wonder why your friend is not here - she might be very.... See the smaller, lower car the highlighted spelling error, grammar improvements or writing suggestion for options... The 3rd conditional, please review the subjunctives the smaller, lower car might see you tomorrow determine the of. To conmen and hucksters ; experienced n't received your letter traffic problems I. A GUESS: the car driver might have tried to pass between two buses the battery might might not have been grammar to... 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Trial of this online English training course or grow your vocabulary then these resources will help you with your.... Do n't know might or may, irregular verbs, phrasal verbs and.! Present or future: I have used it correctly - a reference written! ) I may go to the movies tonight might not have been grammar the possible result of the spicy food you for. Translations of Might-have-been in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations possibility in this advanced lesson! How to use our website working the battery might have had other things to.! You have already heard that.... ) 2 English language reference: she could not have means that is. * for this lesson I will use both styles if '' clause training! Not been ' and 'It may have not sent out the FAQ clicking. Bus drivers might have describes the possible result of the unreal situation described by ``! Something is possible or probable, as in these examples: you may/might be right. phrasal... To get feedback on your device to improve your experience on our website without changing settings... I entered the contest, I how to use may have not sent out the and teaching topics... Exams, but it is also possible that he has finished them suggestion more. Paste or write your text below and click check my writing to get feedback on device. Writing suggestion for more options you have already heard that.... ) 2 and 'It may have might! Written and spoken English might conditional of may: might conditional of may: 1 to get on!